Tag Archives: chinese

80% of data in Chinese clinical trials have been fabricated

According to a new study, we should take Chinese studies with a grain of salt – or rather, with a ton of salt.

The study analyzed Western drugs – Chinese medicine situation is probably even worse.

The report has revealed scientific fraud on a monumental scale, concluding that more than 80 percent of clinical data is “fabricated.” The study analyzed 1,622 clinical trial programs of new pharmaceutical drugs awaiting regulation approval and found breaches at almost every level. Companies were hiding records of potentially adverse side effects and vastly modified crucial data about the drugs. It gets even worse.

This isn’t just a few scientists or companies, it’s a wide-scale problem. Many clinical trial outcomes were written before the trials had actually taken place – in other words, there was no real data, just something to fit what the company wanted. The companies in charge of inspecting clinical trial facilities are mentioned in the report as being “accomplices in data fabrication due to cut-throat competition and economic motivation”. So basically, everyone was in on it.

China’s fakery is out in the world, but inside the country – there was no secret at all. As shocking as it sounds, most institutions knew about this.

“Clinical data fabrication was an open secret even before the inspection,” the paper quoted an unnamed hospital chief as saying.

A problem at this magnitude is simply shocking. According to Luo Liang, a Chinese healthcare professional, numerous Chinese companies are trying to turn a profit by manufacturing Western medicine, without actually inventing anything new.

“The domestic market for Western pharmaceuticals in China is either confined to very straightforward generic products that have been around for a long time … or revolves around joint-venture pharmaceutical manufacture with foreign companies,” Liang told Sing Man for Radio Free Asia.

“Either that, or Chinese pharmaceutical factories get hold of the formula for certain drugs whose patents have expired,” he added. “There are no new drugs in development in the same way that there are overseas … I don’t think that the 80 percent figure is overstated.”

The study analyzed only Western Medicine – China still greatly relies on traditional medicine. The basic medical insurance in China is greatly focused on traditional medicine, covering 832 traditional Chinese medicines. But that doesn’t mean that Chinese medicine is any better – if anything, it’s probably even worse because traditional medicine is almost impossible to properly regulate.

Liang says that this is part of an even bigger problem – everything in China is fake, he says.

“It’s not just the medicines,” he said. “In China, everything is fake, and if there’s a profit in pharmaceuticals, then someone’s going to fake them too.”

The SFDA report was released by the state-owned Economic Information Daily Newspaper. So far, there’s no English version of the report.

Ancient Chinese skeletons found in London could hint at unknown ancient community and trade

Two ancient skeletons discovered in a Southwark cemetery cast a new light on the Roman Empire’s and London’s history, and could indicate a Chinese trading community once called the island home.

Part of the remains found in Southwark.
Image credits Museum of London.

Dr Rebecca Redfern, curator of human osteology at the Museum of London, has revealed two sets of remains found in a London cemetery which she believes are likely of Chinese origin. The bones were found at a site in Lant Street, Southwark, in a group of over 20 sets of human skeletons dated from between the 2nd and 4th centuries AD. Dental enamel samples from the remains were examined using cutting-edge techniques, revealing the surprising origin of the two skeletons.

“This is absolutely phenomenal. This is the first time in Roman Britain we’ve identified people with Asian ancestry and only the 3rd or 4th in the empire as a whole”, Redfern told BBC Radio 4.

Previous archaeological discoveries have shown that the city of Londinium, as it was known in Roman times, had a multicultural population and was an important trading hub. However, it was always believed that its people included only residents of the Roman Empire. The skeletons fly in the face of this traditional belief that Roman Britain was a pretty homogeneous society.

It also suggests that the Roman and Chinese empires had much more interaction than previously believed. They also raise the possibility of trade taking place between the two nations outside of the famous Silk Road — London is a good distance away from the route. The findings raise the possibility that Chinese traders settled in the area, and may have even set up their own trading communities.

One of the skeletons the team identified as Chinese.
Image credits Museum of London.

This is only the second time an individual of possibly Chinese origin has been found at a Roman site, the first being the discovery of a man with Asian ancestry man in Vagnari, Italy.

“The expansion of the Roman Empire across most of western Europe and the Mediterranean, led to the assimilation and movement of many ethnically and geographically diverse communities,” wrote Dr Redfern in The Journal of Archaeological Science.

The archeological community is still divided on what to make of the finding. Two skeletons is still a meager testimony of a whole community living in Roman Britain.

“Its power and wealth meant that it also had trade connections for raw materials and products, such as silk throughout Europe, Africa and also to the east, including India and China. Many people travelled, often vast distances, for trade or because of their occupation, for example in the military, or their social status, for example if they were enslaved,” Dr Redfern added in her paper.

“It may well be that these individuals were themselves or were descended from enslaved people originating from Asia, as there were slave-trade connections between India and China, and India and Rome.”

The full paper “Identifying migrants in Roman London using lead and strontium stable isotopes” has been published in the Journal of Archaeological Science.

Chinese space program posters

In a recent post I showed you some absolutely stunning Soviet space program posters, and guess what – we’re back with more space posters, only this time, it’s the other communist titan on the planet: China.

What is striking about these posters are the children; while the Soviets emphasized on the power of the people and their national heroes (Yuri Gagarin, most notably), the Chinese had a different approach. Why ? I have absolutely no idea.

After the USA and the USSR, China became the third nation to send a person into outer space, and this kind of propaganda was extremely beneficial for the communist regime, especially since space appeals to the immagination and dreams of people so much.

Furthermore, this kind of exploration and scientific advancements are seen as extremely effective methods to fight against the supersitious and religious behaviour, an important element in China.

The first Chinese man to walk into outer space was taikonaut Yang Liwei, who became an instant hero after this, having 10.2 million sets of commemorative stamps being issued in his honour.

Furthermore, in 2006 the Chinese started a woman astronaut selection program, with promising results.