Evidence of Ice Age hunters: hand axes

hand axesAn amateur Dutch archaeologist named Jan Meulmeester made a startling find which pleases scientists: an amazing collection of 28 flint hand-axes, dated by archaeologists to be around 100,000 years-old. He found them in an area about 13km off Great Yarmouth.

Jan Meulmeester diggs regularly for mammoth bones and fossils in marine sand and gravel delivered the materials, but nobody expected him to find something of this significance. These are the finest hand axes ever to be found from the Ice Age and from the English waters. Phil Harding of Wessex Archaeology and Channel 4’s Time Team programme has studied the Ice Age for a big part of his life. His claim on the issue:

“These finds are massively important. In the Ice Age the cold conditions meant that water was locked up in the ice caps. The sea level was lower then, so in some places what is now the seabed was dry land. The hand-axes would have been used by hunters in butchering the carcasses of animals like mammoths.”
He added: “Although we don’t yet know their precise date, we can say that these hand-axes are the single most important find of Ice Age material from below the North Sea.”

The fact that mammoth teeth and bones were discovered along with the axes seems to support his ideas. The findings were made public by Wessex Archaeology. Also, Ian Oxley, Head of Maritime Archaeology at English Heritage points out the importance of these findings:

“These are exciting finds which help us gain a greater understanding of The North Sea at a time when it was land. We know people were living out there before Britain became an island, but sites actually proving this are rare.”

3 thoughts on “Evidence of Ice Age hunters: hand axes

  1. carlos lascoutx

    …turtle=ayotl(N)=heart of water neandra was in the levant at
    100k bc, using ochre(E)=ocre(sp)=oc(r)elix celia(N)=reblossom,
    resusitate on their burials. as in the lagar velho child burial
    (26k bc)where ochre rabbit bones on the child’s ankle numbered
    8=toca/tochtli(N/8souls)=rabbit. in the levant, zagros mts, iraq,
    the shanidar 4 flower burial has 8 types of medicinal plants,
    8 later becomes metis/metl(N)=maguey plant, wife of the medicine
    god patecatl/patrick(E), and in myth is the mother of athena.
    the bracket pelvis of a deer was around the lagar velho child suggesting rebirth through the totem animal of the altai mts,
    which mts are the eastern limit for neander/neandra’s range.
    full name=ecatlan(N)=windland is a paradise of layered stone
    apt for knapping(pun). mammoth hunting in that area may imply
    they were able to make boats out of the skin, ivory, bones…
    new materials promoted by their hunt may have developed a
    neander elite because of new technology powered by success,
    and points to an early north atlantic crossing.
    …oh, forgot to mention the tonalamatl/souls calendar in
    connexion with shanidar 4’s 8flower burial. let’s look into
    the tona to see where 8 xochitl/flower is:
    the last day of the sample/cempoalli=20=xochitl, ah, it’s
    60days inside, hmmm, 1 8 2 9cipactli, which leads off the tona
    as day cipactli is first digit, whereas xochitl is the 20th.
    so 8 flower is in the trecena(13days)of, hmmm, 9cipactl 5ollin
    Acatl, hmm, acatl is the sun/ruling sign day 13 in the sample,
    and 5th trecean(13)(lord of the center is mictlantecuhtli, deathlord)in the order of trecenas(20 trecenas and 20days).
    we divide 60 by nine to get the nightgods=the remainder=6,
    well, 6=deathlord of the day gods but is seagoddess of nightgods, hmmm, whether neandra used a fully developed calendar is doubtful, but she would have number values down, 5=deathlord as center,
    but i have a jade hunting talisman of a small winged duck with
    a hole in it=burial offering, and it has 6 scratches(for luck in hunting death). shanidar 4 was the leader? acatl(N)=sceptre and sunsign. it is the sun symbol, the spear symbol/phallic rebirth(snake=day5), but it implies a conscious heirarchy among neanderthals, sungod for sure and definitely use of the tonalamatl at 80k bc. by 26bc the deer pelvis at lagar velho shows the tonalamatl becoming the deer calendar we have today, that quetzalcoatl brought to amerindia, 3309bc. quite a journey for
    the oldest calendric system in the world, carried for thousands
    of years in the large mind of neandra/neanderthal then passed
    through the sieve of the alphabet to modern man, the beginning
    of mathematics and the weighing of phenomena. yes, truly our
    prometheus for all we have today, begun then, 80k bp, near
    eden. tks.

  2. carlos lascoutx

    …ah, that’s 8k bc, not 80, near eden. like that word, awesome,
    shows up everywhere, wonder what its use means? we need to hallow/
    allow ourselves more sacred time? everybody is feeling like slaves
    and want to be released to the upper air as angels, part of the
    heavenly hosts. certainly we are looking for other forms of religion
    as the old bottles don’t have the eucharist in them anymore, mouldy
    corks and old bungholes head churches today, or they’re selling their valuable real estate and making for the italian riviera.
    awe=maui(N)=like the hawaiian island, it means lit’rally, hands/
    ma up/-ui(whee), and in nauatl=fear, hands up in defense and horror,
    e.g., maui/omauh(N)=be overcome by fear, but following the string,
    mauizo(N/adj&noun)=honorable, glorious, illustrous, elevated in dignity;dignitary(the noun), that seems to be where the
    salaam comes from, both hands bowing. so awe/maui is between honors
    and fear, the raising of hands in either case. praises be.
    praise(E) is from, precio(sp)=price, appreciate(E)apreciar(sp),
    hmmm, the nauatl string begins with pechteca(N)=to bow, a form of
    praise, goes on to, pepechia(N)=increase one’s goods(appreciate),
    pepechoa(N)=close a hole(with praise)=pepechotl(N)=foundation, also,
    pepechtli(N)=cushion, tapestry, cover, counterpane, base.
    and the word we use often, bless, =b(l)/pepech/c/ss(letra)=
    pepechia(N)=appreciate. note the use of (r)inclusive=p(r)ecio(sp),
    &(l)inclusive=b(l)ess, also one notes the spanish word, pecho(sp)=
    chest(E), chest coming from the words, pechteca/pepechia/pepechtia(N)=bow/appreciate(E)/make the bed, so when you hit your chest
    you are blessing/appreciating.
    placing one’s hand over one’s chest is a universal sign, made
    by celine dion when she sings, or someone riding a bus with a
    circulating vendor aboard handing out curative pomades, if you
    don’t want the offering, put your hand flat on your chest to say:
    i appreciate it but no, which is the same way the word, grácias,
    is used to vendors in latin america, i.e., thank you but no.
    now the final loose thread, b(r)east itself is from pecho(sp)/
    pepechtia(N)=make bed/pechteca(N)=bow, nouns come from verbs,
    try to follow letra as it is exact notation and will help you
    shuffle letters in the deck of live linguistics, the idea is
    to use paper at a minimum, and this can be done electronic’ly
    with teklas/keys/tec(N). awesome, if i do say so.

  3. carlos lascoutx

    …siberia, diring yuriakh creek confluence with río lena, a site
    dated by thermoluminescence at 260k bc having oldowan-like pebble
    tool assemblage. some date it back to 500k bc, but most agree on
    300k bc as inhabited date. these dates are about the right span for neanderthals rise, and do explain his arctic body set. neander is
    postulated as having lived there with hominids, homo-sap out of
    afrika, and a third species of homo sap,from whom we only have
    a little finger=menique(sp)bone,who has disappeared from the record.
    good news. way below diring yuriakh we have the zhuang-xi cave area by vietnam which has the oldest hominid bone horizon outside
    of afrika at 800k bc. pieces of the puzzle are falling into place.
    the russian discoverer, mochanov, has given diring creek a date
    of over a million yrs ago, more a measure of his enthusiasm and
    intuition than hard fact, which certainly doesn’t invalidate his
    find. his early date brings diring creek into line with the early
    zhuang-xi date of 800k bc.
    one learns by reviewing the work of archeologists to iron out
    their biases by compensating for their quirks as one would not
    throw out a porcupine because of one quill alone.
    thermoluminescence is a dating technique that measures the light
    emissions of crystal found with the object. the longer crystal
    has been buried the more light it has stored. the needles
    at kostenkij, russia were dated this way, at 40k bc.
    the implications for diring creek are that shelters and clothing
    were necessary between the inhabitants and the climate, giving a
    large push to the theory that early technology such as sewing of
    hides, digging foundations, shelters, special tools were forced
    on these northern dwellers creating a symbiosis between them and
    the animals they hunted similar to what present eskimos experience
    above the arctic circle, cf., the arctic north, by freuchen and
    that is to say, when the inuit mention the people before them
    in ancestral memeory in the far north were the toniti=tonatiuh(N)=
    the sun people, e.g., teuton=teuhtli tonatiuh=god sungod, they
    very well could have been neanderthals, whom they describe as being large with cloaks(or furs)with curiously high collars.
    to paraphrase shakespeare, (the north)was the mother of invention
    for every species settled there, and when they descended to warmer
    climes the battles of their hard-fought struggles were remembered
    when the climate, in form of euro-glaciations, followed them,
    especially the glaciation of 40k bc when out-of-africa hominids
    were supplanting neanderthal everywhere, 80k yrs after the neander
    genome indicates the mideast cross with homo-sapiens-sapiens.
    by then the promethean transfer from arctic neanderthal to tropic
    homo sap. had been running since 260k bc to 120k bc(the cross)
    to 40k bc. there was no extinction of neanderthal that could not
    be labelled marginalization of neander groups who stuck to their
    stone axes and their traditional way of life.
    hasn’t this always been so? one has the choice. electing to
    remain the same, not exploiting more than one needs, managing
    an environment rather than merchandizing it, is today seen as
    a sign of intelligence, forbearance, and sanctity, while what
    we homo sapiens sapiens are doing today has no name whatsoever.

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