Author Archives: EcoBosh

About EcoBosh

Hello im Jay Love my Ecology and Nature. Like to write and spend time in the great outdoors looking forward to travelling and I also love to spin Fire!

Cx_Rockets.6k Made With Metal Pressing Enginering

Metal pressing: a brief overview

Using the tools and techniques of metal pressing, anything an engineer can ever imagine regardless of how delicate or complex can be readily manufactured.  This is a major business that is used in everything from creating components for lawn and garden machines, tractors  to rockets!

Metal Pressing

Metal Pressing Components

Metal Pressing Components

The metal pressing process or science is a rather complicated one which involves blanking and piercing, bending and coining. The technique can be used efficiently on virtually all types of metals. Deep or shallow press tools are utilised depending on the thickness of the metal being worked on. Shallow pressing is deployed when dealing with harder and thicker metals but deep pressing is mostly used for thin metal sheets.  The same die or press cannot be used on a variety of metals.  This is because different metals melt at different temperatures.  The complete processes of metal pressings run continuously in some industries where large number of products is manufactured in a bid to keep the cost of manufacturing as economically viable as possible.

Metal Components

Cx_Rockets.6k Made With Metal Pressing Enginering

Rockets Made With Metal Pressing Enginering

The metal components that are deployed in the creation of rockets and airplanes can also be made through the metal pressing process.  Without this delicate technique, it would be virtually impossible to create any type of product that has a metal component in it.  Therefore, the metal pressing process is vital in the healthcare, electrical and construction industries.

High Skill Level – By Hand Work

Lots of Work needs to be done by Hand

Lots of Work needs to be done by hand

The pressing process in most big engineering firm is done is step by step manner and the pressing is done by individuals with the requisite skills or else the competitiveness of the industry using the finished metals might be compromised. For example, the pressing of metals like mid-steel, brass and titanium require different levels of skill and techniques. Although there are no limitations on how a metal can be pressed, the best engineering companies know the right combinations to use in order to achieve a desired result.


metal components

metal pressing products

The products designed with quality materials are a lot sturdier when the right combinations and tooling are deployed from the very beginning. The competition in the market places today means that companies have to look for metal pressing companies that can offer creative designs for their products, apart from the initial pressing process.  With this combination of production stages, the operational cost of the company is reduced.

In the challenging market of today, customers are on the lookout for manufacturers that offer flexibility.  So the best metal pressing companies will accommodate both large and small volumes to suit the needs of the client regardless of size of business or purpose of pressing. Shorter runs will be manufactured in a single operation tooling while bigger volumes will be produced on progression tooling or transfer presses.


Eggs !!

Study: Eat Eggs at Breakfast to Avoid Evening Snacking

Eggs !!

A study published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition has found that a breakfast rich in protein can help to prevent unhealthy snacking in the evening.

Lead researcher Heather Leidy said that protein in the morning significantly improves appetite control throughout the day and particularly in the evening when many snack on high fat or sugary foods. This study is one of the first to assess how breakfast affects both appetite and evening snacking in young people who usually skip breakfast.

[RELATED] Breakfast sandwich? The effects are felt before lunch

Three Scientific Study Groups

During the study overweight women were split into three groups; no breakfast, a breakfast of eggs and lean beef or a typical breakfast of ‘ready to eat’ cereal. Each meal delivered 350 calories and the same amount of dietary fat, fibre and sugar.

Participant blood samples were taken throughout the day and each woman completed a series of questionnaires. Each participant also underwent a functional MRI just before dinner to assess brain signals related to food motivation and reward driven eating behaviour.

The study showed that a breakfast of eggs and lean beef had a significant impact on satiety throughout the day as well as reducing brain activity responsible for food cravings. The result of which led to reduced evening consumption of high fat and high sugar snacks.

Leidy said:

“These data suggest that eating a protein-rich breakfast is one potential strategy to prevent overeating and improve diet quality by replacing unhealthy snacks with high quality breakfast foods.”

While it may be difficult initially to switch to a high protein breakfast, Leidy suggests trying plain greek yoghurt, cottage cheese or a handful of nuts as good alternatives to reaching the recommended 35 grams of protein.

This study builds on a previous 2011 paper published in the journal Obesity which found that a protein rich breakfast can help to control food cravings during the day.

A high protein breakfast will also help to maximise the muscle building potential early morning training sessions according to a study published in Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise.

Peanut Butter & Honey

6 Ideas for a Protein Packed Breakfast

  • Peanut Butter Banana Sandwich – 10 grams of protein
  • Whole Wheat Waffle with Maple Yogurt – 13 grams of protein
  • Peanut Butter and Banana Oatmeal – 21 grams of protein
  • Honey Nut Parfait – 16 grams of protein
  • Veggie Fritatta – 21 grams of protein
  • Good old fashioned Bacon and Egg Sandwich – 30 grams of protein

YouTube’s craziest DIY projects: a 2-tonne mechanical insect



We all had our various obsessions as children, but most of us grew out of them and went on to get sensible jobs and take up sensible hobbies… not so Matt Denton from Winchester in Hampshire, UK.

Matt’s company Micromagic Systems worked for four years to build a 2-tonne, driveable, turbo diesel hexapod monster which it describes as “the biggest all-terrain operational hexapod robot in the world.” The 2.8 metre tall machine is driven by Matt himself, and uses a complex system of computer-guided hydraulic legs fitted with an array of sensors to make sure the hexapod remains steady while on the move.

DIY Insect on the move

DIY Insect on the move

The hexapod is powered by a Linux PC running software designed by Matt himself, and is controlled from a panel PC in the cockpit, or remotely. Although the Mantis started out as just a pet project for Matt in his spare time, he now travels to events with the machine and uses it to inspire a new generation of designers and engineers. As home-grown DIY projects go, this one is pretty cool… I don’t know about you, but it makes me want to grab my trusty Worx drill and see what I can create in my back yard!

So where did the idea for this beast come from? According to Matt, he was a big fan of The Empire Strikes Back as a child, and this, combined with his love of insects, inspired him to create the giant hexapod. Denton’s company also creates robotics and animatronics for the movie industry, including a six-legged turtle which appeared in the Harry Potter movies, and electronics behind the Honey Monster and robots created by Jim Henson’s workshop for the movie Lost in Space!

Cloud Computing Future

How cloud computing could change business in 2014

Cloud Computing Future

Cloud Computing Future of Business Tech for 2014

Cloud computing is a phrase that has been used in the world of information technology for quite some time now, but recently has come to everyone’s attention.  Many of us are already part of the cloud infrastructure in some form or other, for example if you are a user of Web-based e-mail service like Hotmail, Yahoo! Mail or Gmail.

Getting More and More Popular

Cloud Computing Popular

Cloud Computing Getting More and More Popular

So why is cloud computing becoming so popular with business? Firstly, there are a number of financial benefits.  Your standard office environment requires software and licensing for each individual computer. This can be extremely expensive, particularly if you are running a large corporation. By using the Cloud you only have to load one application that allows workers to a web-based service that hosts the required programs such as Netsuite who even have different clouds for different sectors.

This could simply be a web browser, leaving the system of computers running the Cloud to take over the responsibility of managing the applications. With the cloud updating applications and programs at a continuous pace, you will have access to the latest programmes without the cost of purchasing.  A central server monitors the system, managing traffic and client demands. There are set protocols and the cloud uses middleware software, which allows networked computers to communicate with each other. This maximises the productive output of individual servers.  The system is purposely designed to cope with a sudden increase in workload, where as an-house system may struggle to process or crash.

Big Advantage for 2014

Another advantage is that a worker can access the cloud from any device with web access, allowing more freedom for those who are often on the move, or need to work from home other offices.  This potentially reduces the need for and cost of extra equipment in the office and allow for round the clock access to your network.

Security Concerns

Concerns over security

Working Hard to Lock Down the Security for 2014

The will of course be concerns about the security of the Cloud. Companies have an obligation to maintain privacy when it comes to client information, in accordance with the Data Protect Act. Although some may argue that having so much information stored in one place is risky, the providers of cloud services disagree.  Jean-Philippe Courtois, the president of Microsoft International told the BBC – In this interview “We put together multiple points of replication… multiple lines of defence… multiple levels of sophistication… that a single company just could not afford.”  If your company deals with highly sensitive information, you have the option of using a private cloud.

This still maintains all the benefits of the public cloud, but has added security and only authorised members of a network can gain access.

Todays Economic Climate

In today’s economic climate, both small and large companies can benefit from using this type of system. The need to reduce costs does not mean a reduction in the need for effective IT systems, in fact quite the opposite.  With a guaranteed reliable service from a cloud provider, even small companies can stand shoulder to shoulder with larger competitors without the extra cost that would otherwise be required. Larger companies will find using this type of service an easy way to manage large amounts of data securely and effectively.

Eco Rubbish Removal

Rubbish recycling for a sustainable future

Eco Rubbish Removal

Eco Rubbish Removal

It’s clear that this planet can’t take it too much. Mother Earth has cut us humans a lot of slack in the past, but there’s only so much she can stand. It’s important that we, as responsible citizens of this planet, do our parts and leave the slightest carbon footprint possible. Whether it’s walking to work instead of driving, buying eco-friendly light bulbs (read LED!) or recycling your waste instead of just throwing rubbish away, it’s vital that we all do our small bit to help turn the world a little bit greener. One of the most damaging things to our environment are the vast areas of landfills which populate our world. You would think that in this day and age we would have come up with better and greener ways to get rid of our waste. Well finally, there is an alternative to landfills.

Here are some of the advantages of going green and using an environmentally friendly rubbish removal service.

No Skips!

Skips & Flowers

Can Use Skips for Flower Growing Instead

Hiring an eco-rubbish removal service negates the need for hiring a skip. This means you don’t have to worry about over filled skips which aren’t very environmentally friendly as it can attract nasty rodents and unwanted creatures. Not only that, but a skip will probably need a permit if it’s on the street and often the skip doesn’t take certain types of waste. With most rubbish removal services, all waste types are taken.

Everything is Recycled



Everything that’s collected using a removal service, that can’t be rehomed along with all other rubbish and materials, is taken to a licensed recycling facility. Once there, it’s processed through various stages to extract and separate the different materials to be recycled and can be used again in industry. Usually, anything that can’t be recycled is used to produce refuse derived fuel, which as a coal replacement is used in power stations and industry power processes. This is how many eco-rubbish removal services such as Clearbee rubbish removals are able to achieve zero landfill, which saves a lot of waste and is a massive help to our environment.

Carbon Neutral

Carbon Neutral

Carbon Neutral

Carbon neutrality is the process of eliminating or offsetting your carbon outputs by adding environmental practices to your business to battle the carbon outputs. Carbon offsets include purchasing renewable energy sources like biodiesel. Many Eco rubbish removal companies are carbon neutral so using these environmentally friendly services will send out a clear message that you care about the state of the environment.

Unwanted Items are Rehomed


Bear !!

Most people tend to throw out many house hold items that aren’t of any use to them, but they fail to realise that what might be no use to them, might be of use to others. Many eco removals take your unwanted furniture and items and pass them onto families on very low incomes. This means that your decent unwanted items go on to benefit others, instead of adding to the UK’s landfill problems.

Hopefully, this article has made you think about some of the benefits of hiring an eco-rubbish removal service and why doing so can help make removing waste as environmentally friendly as possible. For instance, there’s a town in Germany that recycles 70% of their garbage! If they can do it, so can anyone else.

Green Garage Can Be Done

Why you should build an eco-friendly garage

Green Garage Can Be Done

Green Garage Can Be Done

More and more people are becoming aware of the harmful effect that human activity is having on the environment, and are attempting to reduce the impact by making alterations to their lifestyle and homes. The concept of energy saving ‘eco garages’ is also becoming increasingly popular, not only do they conserve energy but also save money. You can build large concrete garages that will shelter your pride and joy cars but also get on the green band wagon.

Concrete Can Be Cheap and Eco

Green Concrete Being Laid

Green Concrete Being Laid

Some may already have concrete garages, which is a great start. Concrete is an incredibly cheap and sustainable material. Pervious concrete allows water to drain back into the ground on which it is laid when it rains. In terms of using it for roofing, it is waterproofed using Hydrophobic Pore-Blocking Ingredients (HPI’s), to repel water and blocks out dampness and leaks and is extremely hardy, therefore cutting down on future repair costs. Green concrete offers a variety of cost effective options for building an environmentally friendly garage.

The Door

Of course you’ll also need a garage door. There is a range of recycled and recyclable materials available in all colours and styles so there is no need to compromise on the appearance of the garage. They are weather resistant and designed to effectively insulate the building to prevent heat loss. This is particularly useful if the garage is attached to the home and saves not only energy but unnecessary extra cost to the owner. To add to this, you could provide power to the garage by installing solar panels in the roof.

Electric Car Charging Point

Teslar Charging

Teslar Charging

The ultimate eco-garage would obviously house an electric car and domestic charging point for the vehicle.

It is thought that by the year 2020, ten per cent of vehicles purchased will be electric cars.  With the commencement of various schemes across  the UK, not only are charging points being installed  in public places such as supermarkets and car parks, but people are now being encouraged to have them fitted domestically.

UK Energy Saving Trust

UK Energy Saving Trus

UK Energy Saving Trus

In Scotland, The Energy Saving Trust are offering grants to residents to install a completely free 32 amp domestic charging point, with all installation costs covered as well, and with numbers of electric car sales estimated to increase this year in the UK, similar schemes will be offered elsewhere. So why does it make sense to have a charging point at home?

Well, for a lot of people that return home for the evening night, their electric vehicle can be charging whilst they sleep. Off peak electricity is far cheaper and with no fuel costs to pay this means the running of the car will be extremely cheap. Not only is this beneficial to the owner, but will do wonders for reducing carbon emissions. If you consider the predictions that there could be 700,000 solar powered homes by 2020, this will mean extremely good news for the environment. In New York, there’s actually a pilot program which allows electric cars to recharge when parked using wireless induction via charging docks that look like manholes.


Intelligent Heating System

Tech improvements enable energy conservation in the home

In this energy conscious age it has become more important than ever to ensure that between our homes, place of work, and general everyday life, we do whatever we can to keep energy usage as well as subsequent energy bills at a minimum.

High Tech home management systems

Intelligent Heating System

Intelligent Heating System

It’s nothing new to have your thermostat set on a timer; for example to heat your home for a couple of hours in the morning and pre-heat it ready for your return after work, however with the latest high tech thermostats you can go one better. Beyond setting a thermostat timer there has been significant development into intelligent heating systems. This encompasses the traditional timer but with sensors which can heat rooms, utilise intelligent lighting and adapt itself to your daily patterns, both during the week and at weekends.

You may have experienced intelligent lighting in public facilities, libraries or council buildings for example, in which upon entering a room a sensor will detect your movement and switch the light on accordingly. This saves energy as well as removing the time-honoured phrase ‘don’t forget to turn off the light’ because after period if inactivity it will automatically switch off.

In addition to adapting to your daily routines, there are also systems available which track the rising and setting of the sun, thereby in summer it will adapt the heater timing to reflect this. For example in the winter as the nights grow longer, inevitably you will require heat earlier to achieve an equitable temperature throughout the day so your heating system will be triggered earlier. This avoids unnecessarily turning your heating on and off at random times throughout the day.

Energy saving appliances

Eco Kettle

Eco Kettle

Modern technology is incorporated into even the most basic household appliances – from kettles that automatically switch off after boiling to eco-friendly washing machines that use a minimal amount of water and therefore heat a minimal amount which results in reduced fuel consumption – however, you don’t need to invest in expensive technology to conserve energy.

When it comes to affordable technology it’s easy to forget the old classics. Technology doesn’t have to be electronic or brand new; there have been small developments throughout the years with simple energy saving devices, such as the light bulb. One frustrating feature of older energy saving light bulbs is that they tend to be very dim after the initial turn on, however modern bulbs have a brighter filament to combat this – so whilst the will still be dim during the initial turn on they will become brighter faster than older bulbs.

A-rated appliances such as new combination boilers are an excellent way to conserve energy. Compared to some models they are up to 80% more efficient which results in substantial savings over the course of a year as well as reduced fuel consumption to produce an equivalent amount of heat. However it’s not just boilers which are A-rated, fridges, freezers and ovens can receive this rating too!

Going the extra mile

Roof Wind Farm

Roof Wind Farm

Although this carries quite a hefty initial investment, installing a way to generate energy within your premises could save you a substantial amount of money throughout the years, making energy conservation from traditional mains sources a thing of the past as you’ll be creating and storing your own. Perhaps the most well-known of these is the addition of solar panels. They have become increasingly popular in recent years as the design has become sleek and unobtrusive, therefore even the most design conscious home won’t object to a few roof panels to catch the sun.

With all of the newest tech and developments to existing energy conserving devices, what changes could you make within your home? Contact a specialist such as VHL London, a heating, plumbing & electrical maintenance company in the UK to see what changes you can make to make your home more energy efficient.



Water is Life !

The Power of Water: Are you drinking enough?


Water is Life !

Water is Life !

Water makes up the major fluid supporting our bodily systems and is important to your overall health. Drinking water improves your complexion, feeds your hair, hydrates your vision, and so much more. Throughout the day you lose hydration through sweat, urine, stool, breathing, and caloric metabolism. Those losses are accelerated in warmer climates, during exercise, at high altitudes, and in older adults therefore it is important to equal your intake of water with your output.

Body Fluid Maintenance

Drink water

Drink water

Your body is made up of about 60% water that helps in the function of digestion, absorption circulation, lubrication, nutrient transport, and body temperature maintenance. When you are low on fluids your body triggers a mechanism in your posterior pituitary gland that tells you, “Hey you are thirsty now.” When you get this message, you feel thirsty and you seek out something to drink. Water is the best source to rehydrate your body but tea, coffee, juices, and milk are also good resources. Depending on your level of hydration, water will give you the greatest relief compared to sugary options.

Calorie Control

For years people have been substituting water for other options in order to lose more weight. Water is a zero calorie, no fat, no carbs, and no sodium drink that will rehydrate your body. When you cut back on your danger zones of eating and increase your exercise you are working your metabolism harder. Since you are drinking more water, you are decreasing your caloric intakes and improving the fluid levels in your body. This is essential to healthy weight loss.

Muscle Energy

Muscle Energy

Muscle Energy


For your muscles to covert the fuel in your body to energy they need an equal balance of fluids. When there is not enough water in your body, then your electrolyte levels become unbalanced which can result in muscle fatigue. You can see this in athletes when they push themselves hard to perform and they just collapse from muscle exhaustion or cramping. Drinking the proper amount of fluids keeps your body hydrated and lubricated so that you can continue to perform at your best. According the toe American College of Sports Medicine the body needs at least 17 ounces of fluid 2 hours before physical activity with regular rehydration during activity.

Healthy Skin

Drinking Water

Drinking Water

The more water you drink, the healthier your skin will be. As the protective barrier for all other parts of your body, the skin needs hydration. When you are dehydrated your body wrinkles more and becomes critically dry. To prevent this wrinkling and dryness, you need more water in your diet. Moisturisers, which often have a water base, will also help with hydration and provide an extra barrier against any damage.

How Much?

The old rule was 8 glasses of water per day, but new research says this might not necessarily be true. While we still need a healthy serving of water, it may not be 8 glasses. First you can consume a healthy supply of water through water-rich fruits and vegetables such as melons, citrus, celery, and many others. The Institute of Medicines reports that men need about 3 liters of water while women require about 2.2 liters but these numbers include total beverages in a day and water-rich foods. So the next time you feel thirsty, reach for a tall glass of water, your body will thank you.

You can can help make changes to your home and working environment at home you could get some instant cold filtered water systems to keep to motivated by drinking great tasting water. At work you could install water coolers from water coolers direct to keep the office hydrated. The water cooler is a great addition to keeping the work force healthy and active.




Great Instant Boiling Water

The Science of Instant Hot Water Systems – How They Work


Until fairly recently, if you wanted hot water you had to turn your heater on and wait around 30 minutes, or even longer if you used an immersion heater. Thanks to advances in technology, hot water can now be taken on demand via an instant hot water system.

Traditional Systems

To understand how these work, you need to understand how the traditional systems work. These systems use collection tanks where water is piped into them, stored and heated. When you need the hot water the tank empties; however, to have instant hot water the tank needs to be heated constantly to maintain temperature, even when you are not using the water, and although the tank is insulated, the water would eventually cool from natural heat loss. Because the tank needs to supply at least enough water for a substantial bath, a lot of space is taken up by it. Not only that — but if someone uses all the water from the tank before you, you will have to wait for the tank to be reheated again.

Tankless Water Heaters

Instant hot water systems and water boilers from places like water boilers direct (for example) heat the water directly and don’t require a storage tank. Unlike the traditional system, cold water travels through the pipe when the HOT tap is turned on, where it travels into the heating unit. In here a gas burner or an electric element heats the water as it travels through. This results in a constant supply of hot water. Although no storage space is needed and you don’t have to wait for the water to be heated, a tankless heater’s output limits the flow rate.

Fast Water Delivery

Usually, instant hot water systems provide hot water at a rate of around 2–5 gallons per minute. If you are thinking of installing one, it’s good to know that the gas-fired heaters produce higher flow rates than the electric element variants. It’s also good to know that even the largest gas-fired systems can’t always supply enough hot water simultaneously for multiple uses throughout the bigger household. This can be easily overcome by installing more tankless heaters connected in parallel for simultaneous hot water. These new systems are very adaptable as you can install separate systems for appliances. For example, thirsty appliances such as a washing machine and dishwater can run off a single instant hot water system.

Because there is little to no waiting time for hot water nowadays, and the lack of having to constantly heat water in a tank makes these new heaters the most energy efficient solutions available on the market.

Just Stunning and Tranquil - Bafa Lake

3 Natural Turkish Lakes

Turkey is a beautiful country, whether visiting for a beach holiday under the sun, or a partying holiday in the cities, but for some, Turkey’s natural lakes make the perfect relaxing holiday. Camping, Trekking or visiting the local villages and experiencing their culture and cuisines are just a few of the attractions found at some of the most beautiful and ecologically sound lakes in the world.

Bafa Lake

Just Stunning and Tranquil - Bafa Lake

Just Stunning and Tranquil – Bafa Lake

Bafa Lake is situated southeast of the Buyuk Menderes Delta, 25 km from Soke from where you can access it. Once part of the Aegean Sea, the lake became a lake as result of geomorphologic development of Buyuk Menderes Delta. Its main sources are from Buyuk Menderes, plus the underground rivers flowing from the mountains. Plant life is rife, consisting of tamarisks, pine trees, and olive groves. Lake Bafa protects the ecosystem, and therefore provides a winter habitat for lots of species of birds, which would otherwise be in danger of extinction – approximately 300,000 birds take residence here. Pelicans, cormorants and sea eagles are just a few species. There are also over 700 kinds of plankton in the lake and a huge variety of plants, which feed many species of fish.

Bolu – Abant Lake

Bolu - Abant Lake

Bolu – Abant Lake – Amazing Clear and Peaceful Place

Abant Lake is 33km away from Bolu, in the west of the Black Sea area, halfway between Ankara and Istanbul. Abant lake can be reached by the E-5, the Ankara motorway, finally turning off at Omerler Madensuy. Bolu is connected by bus to other parts of the country. The lake is home to a wide variety of plants – 1150 hectares were designated by the status of Natural Park in 1988. Main species include Scotch pine, beech, larch, oak, poplar, ash, horn- beam, willow, juniper, forest rose, tamarisk, hazelnut, holly, dog-rose, bracken, blackberry, strawberry, mint, raspberry, ivy, nettle, mare’s tail, and a variety of pasture grasses and trees. Animal species include pig, deer, roe deer, bear, fox, jackal, and rabbit. You’ll also find birds of prey and singing birds – a real natural haven.

Lake Van

Lake - Van - Just Beautiful

Lake – Van – Just Beautiful

Lake Van is the biggest lake in Turkey and the largest soda water lake in the world. Lake Van lies on the high grounds of the Eastern Anatolian district near the border with Iran. Formed by a crater created by a volcanic explosion of Mt. Nemrud, its elevation from the sea level is over 1600 metres. The water is not very suitable for drinking or irrigation because of its high salinity content – sodium chloride and sodizm carbonate. There is a scenic lookout close to the unpaved road on the eastern slope of Mt. Nemrut, accessible by car/MTB/hike – perfect to make a day of endurance exercise.

Turkey has some truly stunning lakes and mountains you can get great Turkey breaks from Direct Line Holidays and get amongst this amazing environment. Such relaxing places and wonderful scenery if would be foolish to no explore this country.


Jackson Hole Eco Friendly Hotel

5 Fantastic Eco-Friendly Ski Resorts for Families

Avid skiers love the feeling of the snow under their skis and the wind rushing past their faces as they glide down a mountain. Many enjoy the chance to be alone in the outdoors as their bodies respond to the elements of nature. Despite this communion with nature, ski resorts are not always kind to the environment; they consume a lot of energy when running mountain chairlifts and using machines to make additional snow. In the past few years, however, ski resorts have begun to be more environmentally friendly, trying to protect the environment in various ways. You can have a great family time with group ski bookings so thats always worth a thought.

The following ski resorts are eco-friendly, each having been approved by the world standard of environmental management laws. In addition to being better for the environment, these ski resorts are also suitable for family vacations so everyone in the family can feel better about having fun while being kind to nature.Kaprun, Austria
Kaprun, Austria

Kaprun, Austria

This resort uses renewable solar energy to run its chairlifts rather than electricity. In addition, it plants trees and grass annually through eco-friendly techniques that do not disturb the existing plants and animals. Arriving at the resort in either an electric car or by public transportation is encouraged, and the staff can provide bicycles, scooters, and Segways for eco-friendly travel around the campus. Austria is a great place to ski you can get last minute ski deals in austria from that site just click and see what great prices you can get.Jackson Hole, Wyoming
Jackson Hole Eco Friendly Hotel

Jackson Hole Eco Friendly Hotel

The management of this resort has pledged to reduce carbon emissions while recycling cooking oil into vehicle fuel. More efficient skidoos have replaced older models, creating less pollution. The resort also features environmentally sustainable ski chalets for guests that combine luxury with eco-friendly function.Avoriaz, France
Created as an eco-friendly resort, cars are not permitted on the premises. The accommodations feature ski-in and ski-out access, although horse and sleigh transportation is available around the resort. In addition, the lodges are built to hold snow on the roofs as insulation for the indoor temperatures.Saas Fee, Switzerland
Saas Fee - Great Environmentally Friendly Attitude

Saas Fee – Great Environmentally Friendly Attitude

This charming resort is also car-free, but it boasts award-winning environmentally friendly campus transportation. The chalets have been renovated with sustainable building materials intended to reduce energy use. The staff and management of the resort are committed to improving recycling and waste management programs at the resort as well.Aspen, Colorado
Aspen, Colorado

Aspen, Colorado

Featuring a solar array that creates enough electricity for 20 homes, this resort is dedicated to reducing its carbon emissions through this innovation and a small hydroelectric plant that assists the resort in its efforts to lessen its gas pollution. Although it has not renovated its existing buildings with sustainable materials, the resort is committed to using green building products on any new buildings constructed. Get last minute ski deals to Aspen and have a fantastic ski holiday keeping green.
Laser Periodontal Surgery

3 Modern dentist procedures that can revamp your smile

If you are one of 100 million Americans who suffer from gum disease or gum imperfections, you don’t have to settle for a less than perfect smile. Advances in dentistry have made dental surgeries less painful, so now even the most anxious patient can improve his or her appearance. In fact, scientists have actually managed to grow teeth-like structures in petri dishes using stem cells derived urine cells. Typically the two don’t mix, and until researchers can actually grow new, functional human teeth altogether, it’s best to be aware of some of the high-end dental treatments currently available.

Laser Periodontal Surgery

Laser Periodontal Surgery

Laser Periodontal Surgery – Super Strong Laser for your Gums

If your dentist has told you that you have gum disease or periodontists, ignoring the problem isn’t an option. Gum disease starts as gingivitis, a condition that causes red, inflamed and bleeding gums. If left untreated, gum disease can lead to serious consequences, including bone damage and lost teeth.

You may worry that you’ll need painful surgeries to correct the problem. Laser periodontal surgery doesn’t cut into the gums or require sutures, so much of the pain associated with periodontal surgery is eliminated. The procedure begins with a local anesthetic. Then, the dentist determines how deep the gum pockets are. The laser is used to disinfect the tooth and then remove the inflamed tissue.

Gum Graft Surgery

Gum Graft - Looks Better Eh !

Gum Graft – Looks Better Eh !


If your teeth look too long, periodontal plastic surgery may be right for you. Many people suffer from receding gums or exposed roots from gingivitis. A gum graft can correct this problem and improve the appearance of your smile. This procedure involves taking gum tissue from the roof of your mouth or from a donor. The periodontist attaches the tissue so that it covers the exposed root, creating an even line. In addition to improving your appearance, this procedure prevents bone loss and gum recession. You also may notice a decrease in tooth sensitivity.

Dental Crown Lengthening

Dental Crown Lengthening

Dental Crown Lengthening

Some patients have teeth that look too short. If you have a smile that shows too much of your gums, your periodontist can perform a dental crown lengthening procedure. Your periodontist will change the appearance of your teeth by removing and reshaping excess gum and bone tissue. The dentist will begin the procedure by administering local anesthetic. Then, the dentist will cut into the gum and pull it away. Any excess gum and bone tissue will be removed. After the tissue has been removed, the dentist will wash the gums and close the cuts. Dental crown lengthening may be required before other procedures, such as tooth restoration.

Don’t settle for unhealthy teeth and an unattractive smile. Dental procedures performed by a trained dentist or periodontist can improve the look of your teeth and gums, while providing a foundation for long-term health. You should make sure you are happy with your dentist, be it  from small town Austin Dental practitioners to slick New York oral health specialists the choice now is varied and with the cost involved it

Hydraulic Filters

Hydraulic Filters – What Are They and What Do They Do?

Hydraulic Filters

Hydraulic Filters

Most people may not be aware that for an engine to work at its peak performance, the lubricants used to keep the parts aligned and wet need to be free of any contaminants. There have been studies pointing out that 75% of all fluid engine or mechanical failures can be linked to issues involving contamination. This is what filters are designed to prevent; to remove particles that are not supposed to be part of the fluid. There are many different kinds, too, so it is imperative that you choose the kind that is designed for your particular needs. You can get Hydraulic Filters from many UK companys so lets see what the different types I so you can be informed.

Bag Filters

bag filters

The most common type of filter is a bag filter. This consists (usually) of a cloth (or synthetic material) bag that the hydraulic fluid is pushed through, which then catches all of the solid contaminants, as they get caught in the filter. These types of filters are most common in cars and trucks. They are usually very inexpensive and easy to clean or change.

Screen Filters



Screen filters are similar to bag filters, except very fine wires are used. These are then woven together, much like fabric is, to create a metallic cloth. Because wires are used instead of cloth, the engineers can make the filter as porous as the job and the expect size of contaminants require.

Magnetic Filters

Magnetic Filters

Magnetic Filters

The final type of filter, magnetic, use specially charged plates, which have been magnetized. Any metals that have become entrapped in the fluid will be picked up and held by these types of filters, though it doesn’t prevent dirt and other non-metallic particles from still contaminating the fluids. Filter Construction

Filter Construction

Filter Construction

When you choose the type of filter you need, you will also need to know if the filter has its own housing or if it can be installed as is. There are also different alignment options that each filter has. The most popular option is called in-line alignment, which allows the inlet and the outlet valves to sync up directly with the filter. The opposite type of alignment, called off-line, means the filter is not part of the hydraulic system’s main loops. Another design is called the duplex alignment.

This type is used to be able to change the filters while the system is still online and working, and consists of two different filter types combined together. The final alignment type is called a return-line system, and is needed when the filter must capture any and all contaminants within the hydraulic system, before they cause any damage to the working parts. You will also need to know the maximum flow rate allowance and pressure type that your particular engine requires, as getting the wrong one can cause the filter to lose its performance quicker. The last thing you’ll need to know are the port valve sizes of both the inlet and outlet, as these require a precise fit when the hydraulic fluid system is connected to the filter.


Most filters have ratings, which measure how effective they are at screening out contaminants. A standard code, the ISO 4406, measures how many contaminants are present in the oil. The lower the cleanliness rating, the better the filter is at removing particles. Filters also have a beta ratio (measuring the size differential between particles above the filter and those below). With the beta ratio, the higher the number is, the better the filter is.


The Science Behind Modern Web Design

In the past century, science has served as an important tool for entrepreneurs and marketers alike. Studies of how certain environments, product offers, and designs can affect consumer decision making have popped up in psychology and business journals across the globe. In this article, I would like to cover a few web design methods that have benefited from knowledge ascertained through scientific research.

Eye Tracking
Eye Tracking

Eye Tracking

In psychology labs, a novel technique, referred to as eye-tracking, has uncovered much about what human beings focus on and miss when navigating through websites. On average, people have a propensity for focusing on the top left-hand corner of a webpage. The main sections of the website are a hot target as well. Most people will look towards the home, about us, and products/services pages to make a judgment on what the website is about. So, it can be deduced that web designers should put their most relevant information on these specific pages. Woocom a web design agency in Perth




Color has also been known to have an effect on how human beings make judgments. Red, in particular, is a good color for call-to-action buttons on a webpage. It has been hypothesized that choosing a color that really stands out will increase the traffic to those pages. It does not necessarily need to be red, but it should not just blend in with the rest of the webpage, because this may cause users to completely neglect the call-to-action button, thereby decreasing the amount of traffic on the website.

A/B Testing




A couple automated software testing and A/B studies have uncovered that webpage traffic increases when photos of human beings are utilized, as opposed to using graphics and cartoons. Other notable studies have shown up to a 90 percent increase in visitor engagement when inanimate graphics are swapped with photos of humans. These effects may be due to the emotional connection users can feel when viewing another human being.

Decision making can be a very quick process, so it is important to grab the attention of webpage visitors immediately. Studies have shown that, on average, humans make their decision to continue on a website in 3 seconds or less. Thus, it is paramount to clinch users before they decide to move on. Designers must make sure to clearly convey their message in an organized and interesting manner. A good idea would be to include a video on the home page of a website, which activates upon the user visiting the site. Videos have a way of grabbing users that has forsaken the use of words. Its a good idea to use an agency such as Woocom a web design agency in Perth that embraces all these techniques to make your web site modern and up-to date sites that just use text and static images are less persumasive to the viewer.

Familiarity & User Trust

Furthermore, familiarity goes far when it comes to users trusting and relying on products and information from a website. Although it is important to be creative, designers should also bring a sense of familiarity to the patterns and designs used on their webpage. With familiarity comes trust, so it is very important to follow webpage templates that have worked for popular websites in the past.

In summation, there is much to be said about the science behind decision making and web design, but, for the most part, looking to popular websites for inspiration will usually lead to an increase in webpage traffic.

Lady Luck

Dwelling inside the gambler’s mind

Lady Luck

Lady Luck

There’s a lot more to gambling than just luck, and whilst it’s impossible to predict an outcome or utilise a system effectively, the human brain and our emotions have a lot to do with the decisions we make during the gambling process.


spinning wheels

spinning wheels and that feeling of hope

Say you slide a coin into a one armed bandit, pull the lever and watch the reels spin. Whilst there’s no way you can predict which of the fruits are going to eventually present themselves once the reels have stopped, we still have that feeling of hope. These kind of machines are programmed to return only about 90% of wagered money, so the chances are high that you lost your money – but what makes us return for more?

The answer lies with neurology
. The human brain is invaded by dopamine neurons – these are used to predict future rewards. These neurons struggle to decipher the patterns or determine a solid outcome when you are gambling. Because they can’t get to grips with the machine’s patterns or algorithms produced by a microchip, our dopamine neurons, instead of surrendering, become obsessed. Because the release of dopamine is a ‘feel good’ chemical like serotonin, whenever we pull the lever and win, we experience a rush of pleasure. The end result of our neurons continuously trying to figure a pattern out is that the machine transfixes us and we continue to play.


Technically All You Enjoy

Serotonin and dopamine are both chemicals linked with feeling good, so when these are stimulated through winning and the thrill of the next win, they can influence the decisions you make. Whilst the pragmatic side of you may know you will lose, the feelings induced by winning may over power any pragmatism.
Alcohol also affects the way you gamble. If you mix alcohol with dopamine and serotonin you are creating a mix almost impossible to surrender to should you start winning at the casino. Alcohol creates confidence and gives you a false sense of security about future wins.


Some people are more susceptible to feeling a dopamine rush than others, and as games of chance are designed to take advantage of this cellular pathway inside the brain, some people are more likely to become addicted to gambling than others. Gamblers who experience massive rushes of pleasure from a win are blinded by the fact they are losing money searching for that next win. Casinos have figured out a way to make us almost want to lose money.

Psychological Trickery

casino chips

Although it’s the gambler that usually cheats the casino, these establishments use a few psychological tricks on the brains of its visitors.

A casino’s flashing lights and the sounds of clinking money express winning and the joy felt by winning – it’s contagious. Because we possess the need to feel socially normal, experiencing the thrill of winning and being admired by those around you is extremely powerful.

Chips are used instead of real money – this alters the gamblers’ sense of money. Throwing down three £50 chips whilst in the act of an exciting gambling moment becomes just like using three $10 chips.
Casinos always offer complimentary alcoholic drinks and food to keep players gambling, and as I previously mentioned, alcohol can impair judgement as to the chances of winning. The money a casino makes from the gamblers’ loss massively outweighs the cost of the food and drink.


cheating at cards

Cards the classic cheaters hit

I think it’s safe to say everyone has considered or thought about cheating, especially after hearing about people who’ve cheated millions from a casino. Unfortunately this is nothing but a romantic image only seen in the movies. Although cheating has serious consequences in real life, this doesn’t seem to prevent the interest in gambling cheats.

Past posting is a method used by players after a bet has been made. In roulette, for example, the player will attract the attention of the dealer so they can either switch the winning chips for a higher denomination chip or push their chips to the winning number.

Collusion is a very popular form of cheating, one in which needs two or more people. You often see this used in the movies but it can be picked up on by the casinos. In poker, the two partners signal to each, expressing to each other the values of their cards. A player may have a friend strategically placed as to spy on the other players and then signal their cards.

So the next time you are in the casino or playing online at Gaming Club online casino and find yourself faced with that tricky decision whether to stop or not, take a minute and ask yourself what your brain is really trying to tell you.

Debt Forgivness

Loan Forgiveness for Science Teachers

Teachers represent the backbone of education system, but they often live in debt while trying desperately to educate. After years of school, they are paid very little, and still have mounds of student loans to pay off. Among the most talented and needed teachers, are the science and math teachers that dedicate themselves to inspiring and instructing the leaders, inventors, and business owners of the future.

Forgiveness Programs

Debt Forgivness

Debt Forgivness

Loan forgiveness is a program offered to qualified receipts to reduce or cancel the loan commitment. If your loan is forgiven then you are no longer responsible for paying all or part of your loan. This program was set up to encourage students to enroll in and complete graduation in education majors. Further more teachers who qualify for the forgiveness program give back to their community through employment at a qualified school. Loans that apply include Direct Subsidized and Unsubsidized Loans as well as Federal Stafford Loans. However PLUS Loans do not qualify.

To Qualify

The forgiveness program requires qualifying teachers to meet certain requirements. Not just anyone can receive the reduction in their student loans. First a borrower may not have outstanding balances on the Federal Family Education Loan Program (FFELP) or a default federal student loan. There are date requirements that must be taken into account, therefore it is important to read all the requirements and frequently asked questions.

Furthermore, all applicants must be a full time teacher employed for 5 consecutive years in an eligible school system. The service of teaching is an important factor in the forgiveness pact. Teachers who work in at risk school districts are eligible for Title 1. Some examples of these would be districts in the Bronx, rural communities in the Appalachian Mountains, or South Central Los Angeles.

The Amounts

There are three levels of loan forgiveness through this program. The first level is $5000. To qualify for $5000, you will need to teach at a qualified elementary or secondary school in the subject related to your major.  For the second level that relieves up to $12,500 in loans you must meet the requirements of the $5000 level as well as be employed as a math or science teacher in an eligible secondary school or work within the special educational field. At the 3rd level your service forgives $17,500 in student loans. You earn this level through service in special education, math, or science as a highly qualified teacher. This means a Masters or Doctorate degree with specialized training.

To Apply

In order to apply for these programs, start by contacting your loan company or the American Education Services (AES) Loan Forgiveness Group. There is a website with an abundance of information, pdf’s, and frequently answered questions.

Those who teach give more of themselves every day to your children. They open doors and imaginations of the little ones in their care. In order to be successful at teaching, those hefty loans need to be relieved for their service. This is a solution that will help teachers, students, and the educational system succeed.

Sudden Wealth

Science of Financial Risk Taking

Sudden Wealth

Some people are Willing to Take That Risk

Imagine the toughest financial choice you’ve made lately, one in which you are virtually torn in which way to go: stock market investing, loan taking,  buying a house, car, deciding what to do with your life savings. The anxiety experienced may have been the consequence of information overload; however, scientists suspect a more complicated biological phenomenon is the reason why.

Brain Overloaded

Brain overloaded

Too Much Thinking

When a brain is overloaded with too many decisions i.e. bidding on multiple items and ensuring the best deal is made on all, even experts become anxious and mentally exhausted – the more information absorbed, the less desired items they win and the more they overpay and make important errors.

Studies from Journal of Consumer Research

New studies revealed by the Journal of Consumer Research say one reason some consumers pursue riskier financial opportunities is because they feel socially conscious or isolated – the seeking of social acceptance is one of the most fundamental human needs.

Consumers are a lot more likely to sacrifice important resources to secure social contacts or even relationships – feeling socially rejected triggers the decision into making a riskier financial investment.

In one experiment, a group of people were asked to recall a social situation that left them feeling either included or isolated. They then had to select either a set of high-odds/low-reward or low-odds/high-reward gambling options. Situations that left a consumer feeling socially rejected caused riskier decisions, where the securing of money would ostensibly give them what they want out of the social system. One of the most common examples is a consumer choosing to delay financial decisions after a breakup or a fall out with friends or family.

Discoveries in Neuroscience

Brain Areas

Brain Areas

Other recent discoveries in neuroscience suggest that the neurotransmitters dopamine and serotonin (feel good chemicals also used in anti-depressants) play an important role in these financial decisions. Research also revealed that variants of two specific genes might be involved in risk and reward processing, which could influence financial risk taking.

The brain regions relating to decision-making are the anterior cingulate cortex, the orbitofrontal cortex and the ventromedial prefrontal cortex. Depending on decisions being made on the basis of personal choice or following advice from second party, distinct patterns of neural activation were shown in these regions.



Emotions Can Sometimes Rule You and Your Choices

Emotions also have a significant effect on the decision-making process. The neurobiological theory on making a decision usually occurs facing the uncertainty about whether one’s choice will benefit or harm. This theory holds that hard decisions are influenced by emotion, in the form of bodily states, extracted during the consideration of consequences and that mark different options for behaviour as being either advantageous or disadvantageous. This process involves interaction between neural systems that induce these states and neural systems that map these states.

If you think hard and recall a situation where a very risky decision needed to be made, be it stock market trading, gambling, or perhaps taking a high risk loan.

Somtime you just need to make the snap decision and decide if that is a viable option for you your emotions will kick in and it may or may not be the best choice East Side Lenders discuss viable option here see what they have to say. I’m sure you’ll be able to remember  just what tipped the overall outcome in the end . If you were to take a deep breath and walk away, taking a few hours to deliberate the pros and cons, would you have made the same decision?

Swollen Feet

Help and Advice for Swollen Feet

Swollen Feet

Swollen ankles and feet is pestering problem millions deal with on a daily basis. Whether it’s temporary water weight gain or a daily encounter due to pregnancy, feet can be left in pain, shoes often don’t fit and a list of other annoyances can occur. Feet carry us throughout the day. Giving feet the proper rest and support they need is not only vital to healthy feet, but a person’s general well-being.


For pregnancy or other conditions that render daily swelling, it is prudent to sleep on a couch where legs can be propped up for long durations of time. This is best for people that tend to roll around in their sleep and where placing pillows under their legs won’t suffice. Swelling may reoccur later in the day, but is highly beneficial for the morning and mid-day.
How to relieve swelling

To relieve swelling, place ankles and feet into the coldest water possible or place ice packs onto the feet and ankles. Ice and cold water makes swelling go down. Elevate the swollen feet whenever possible. This will cause the water to drain from the feet into the legs. However, standing for long periods of time will cause the water to drain right back into the feet.

Use diuretics to rid of excess water. Diuretics help the body to flush out excess water weight. Natural diuretics include celery, watermelon, cucumbers and other fruit and vegetables. Tea and coffee are also beneficial at ridding of excess water weight; however, pregnant women may wish to avoid these and opt for increasing their water amount or opt for fruit and vegetables that help to release water.

Wide Shoes 

While waiting for products and other factors to rid of excess water weight, using wide shoes aimed at water retention or those with wide feet provide relief to sore ankles and feet. Choose a shoe that provides relief with cushioned soles and a sturdy structure. Cosy shoes are optimal for providing relief from water retention.

With daily demands on feet, feet need all the rest and support they can receive. Choosing the best shoe will help provide superb relief while waiting to lose excess water retention.


The Future of Pharma Market Access


In the pharmaceuticals industry “Market Access” is a key term everyone is talking about. Despite causing a buzz, it’s apparent there isn’t a clear definition on the correct approach to manage it to its true potential.

Market access isn’t a new concept; what is fairly new is its significance and the systematic way in which to maximize a drug’s performance under the conditions of today’s pharmaceutical markets.

Market Access is Important

Market Access

What is coming for Pharma Market Access?

Phama Market Access is important as the perpetual changes within the industry need addressing. Healthcare costs and advancements in drug therapy are always increasing, forcing payers to control product endorsement. New ways of controlling costs are also being devised, such as risk share and volume limits. These changes mean any future product needs to have a market access strategy built into it during its initial stages of development.

New Marketing Approach



This requires a new marketing approach that will have organizational implications for pharmaceutical companies. Because the market access is always developing, the learning and understanding in stakeholders’ requirements has become an important factor of the product management through the product lifestyle. The stakeholders’ willing to pay outside of the market is another important factor the research departments have to consider. Marketing departments must develop a way of understanding the cost impacts of products within different country systems.

Although “Market Access” is ostensibly about costs and prices and health economics, it’s more about the techniques and the processes developed within an organisation to put out the right messages to the stakeholders at the crucial time for any new products.

Industry Dynamics

The pharmaceutical industry’s dynamics also raise the urgency of market access. By today’s standards, it’s vital companies meet the needs of their stakeholders – approval doesn’t necessarily mean reimbursement, however, and price setting is a lot more complicated than yesteryear.

To address these approval/reimbursement processes, companies must maintain a constant relationship with regulatory bodies and stakeholders from the early stages of the process. The strong competition from the generic drug companies is constantly building and premium pricing is becoming a dangerous path because of these confident cost-cutting claims by health care regulators.

Targeted Market

The targeted market and the product category and its position in a therapeutic area heavily influence the market access strategy. Market status can be made clear by the composition of stakeholders and their influence, healthcare environment, and by their sales drivers.

Over all, Phama Market Access strategy development should be considered vital to the marketing process, and any assessments on regional markets and health care should be performed early on. If this approach is taken, any clinical development teams can tie together feedback from product and indication assessments to target key stakeholder values.

Brain in Love

The Science of Love and Dating

If you find love and dating confusing, you’ve come to the right place. You see, while love and the intricate dynamics between two people in a relationship might be far from being full understand, if ever, scientists have learned quite a few about how love works – chemically, socially, psychologically and so on. Here are a few things the guys and gals in lab coats have to share:

1. Being in love causes changes to your brain

Brain in Love

Depending on the type of love, MRI studies have shown changes in the activity of 12 different areas of the brain. Interestingly, there are obvious differences between maternal love, passionate love, and unconditional love. These areas of brain activation then result in the release of neurotransmitters and other chemicals, which cause the euphoric sensations we call love.

2. Consider hugging instead of shaking hands


If you’re on a first date, it might be a good idea to give them a hug ‘hello’. While shaking hands might be a little more socially acceptable, hugging has its advantages. Hugging increases the level of social comfort for both of you. It turns out that hugging triggers the release of a hormone called oxytocin. Oxytocin is frequently referred to as the “cuddle hormone” or “love hormone”.

3. Youthful ladies and bad boys


It’s been shown in studies that men are attracted to traits that suggest youth. Men prefer women with big eyes, shiny hair, and full lips. Bad boys are attractive to women because their high levels of testosterone. This elevated testosterone gives them the alpha-male characteristics that so many women find attractive.

4. Keep your dating profile short

2 girls using computer online

Research has shown that dating profiles should not be longer than 500 words. Profiles that run longer were referred to as “oppressive and pathetic” by profile readers in one study. Some of the most successful dating profiles are just a few sentences long. Don’t give away the farm before you’ve even met. There’s something to be said for being mysterious.

5. Be funny

Man Woman - Laughing

We all like someone with a great sense of humor, and at least one scientific study has shown that the amount of synchronized laughter during conversations was highly predictive of mutual attraction. It is believed that most people unconsciously equate intelligence with humor. Be funny and you’ll be seen as smart.

There are a great deal of places to meet new people. You can try meeting somebody new on dating chat lines, online dating sites and even in internet powered multi player games or … wait for it… outside. So take one step forward and maybe consider some of these 5 tips and add a little science to your romantic life. After all, who knew science could be so romantic?